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First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Studies

  • As of September 2019, all courses in First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Studies (formerly "Native Studies") are based on the expectations outlined in The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 9 to 12: First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Studies, 2019.
  • This curriculum policy replaces The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 9 and 10: Native Studies, 1999 and The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 11 and 12: Native Studies, 2000.
GradeCourse NameCourse TypeCourse CodePrerequisite
9Expressions of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit CulturesOpenNAC1ONone
10First Nations, Métis, and Inuit in CanadaOpenNAC2ONone
11English: Understanding Contemporary First Nations, Métis, and Inuit VoicesUniversityNBE3UGrade 10 English, Academic
11English: Understanding Contemporary First Nations, Métis, and Inuit VoicesCollegeNBE3CGrade 10 English, Academic or Applied
11English: Understanding Contemporary First Nations, Métis, and Inuit VoicesWorkplaceNBE3EGrade 10 English, Academic or Applied, or the locally developed compulsory credit (LDCC) course in English
11Contemporary First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Issues and PerspectivesUniversity/ CollegeNDA3MGrade 10 First Nations, Métis, and Inuit in Canada, Open, or Grade 10 Canadian History since World War I, Academic or Applied
11World Views and Aspirations of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Communities in CanadaCollegeNBV3CGrade 10 First Nations, Métis, and Inuit in Canada, Open, or Grade 10 Canadian History since World War I, Academic or Applied
11World Views and Aspirations of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Communities in CanadaWorkplaceNBV3EGrade 10 First Nations, Métis, and Inuit in Canada, Open, or Grade 10 Canadian History since World War I, Academic or Applied, or the Grade 10 locally developed compulsory credit (LDCC) course in history
12Contemporary Indigenous Issues and Perspectives in a Global ContextUniversity/ CollegeNDW4MAny Grade 11 university, university/college, or college preparation course in First Nations, Métis, and Inuit studies or Canadian and world studies or social sciences and humanities
12First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Governance in CanadaUniversity/ CollegeNDG4MAny Grade 11 university, university/college, or college preparation course in First Nations, Métis, and Inuit studies or Canadian and world studies or social sciences and humanities

Note:
Each course has a credit value of 1.

This chart maps out all of the courses in the discipline and shows the links between courses and the possible prerequisites for them. It does not attempt to depict all possible movements from course to course. Note: Dashed lines represent courses that are not in the curriculum document. Note: Dotted lines represent locally developed compulsory credit (LDCC) courses which are not outlined in the document.

Note:

The Grade 9 NAC1O course may be used to meet the compulsory credit requirement in the arts.
The Grade 11 English courses may be used to meet the Grade 11 English compulsory credit requirement.

  • Expressions of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Cultures, Grade 9, Open (NAC1O)
    This course explores various arts disciplines (dance, drama, installation and performance art, media arts, music, storytelling, utilitarian or functional art, visual arts), giving students the opportunity to create, present, and analyse art works, including integrated art works/ productions, that explore or reflect First Nations, Métis, and Inuit perspectives and cultures. Students will examine the interconnected relationships between art forms and individual and cultural identities, histories, values, protocols, and ways of knowing and being. They will demonstrate innovation as they learn and apply art-related concepts, methods, and conventions, and acquire skills that are transferable beyond the classroom. Students will use the creative process and responsible practices to explore solutions to creative arts challenges.
    • Prerequisite: None
    • Associated discipline(s): Integrated arts
  • First Nations, Métis, and Inuit in Canada, Grade 10, Open (NAC2O)
    This course explores the histories of First Nations and Inuit in Canada from precontact, as well as Métis from their beginnings, to the present day. Students will examine the continuing impact of past social, cultural, economic, political, and legal trends and developments on First Nations, Métis and Inuit individuals and communities. Students will apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process to investigate a range of issues, events, and interactions that have affected First Nations, Métis, and Inuit individuals and communities, including those that continue to affect relations between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples in Canada.
    • Prerequisite: None
    • Associated discipline(s): History
  • English: Understanding Contemporary First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Voices, Grade 11, University Preparation (NBE3U)
    This course explores the themes, forms, and stylistic elements of a variety of literary, informational, graphic, oral, cultural, and media text forms emerging from First Nations, Métis, and Inuit cultures in Canada, and also examines the perspectives and influence of texts that relate to those cultures. In order to fully understand contemporary text forms and their themes of identity, relationship, and self-determination, sovereignty, or self-governance, students will analyse the changing use of text forms by Indigenous authors/creators from various periods and cultures in expressing ideas related to these themes. Students will also create oral, written, and media texts to explore their own ideas and understanding, focusing on the development of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life.
    The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 12 English university or college preparation course.
    • Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic
    • Associated discipline(s): English
  • English: Understanding Contemporary First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Voices, Grade 11, College (NBE3C)
    This course explores the themes, forms, and stylistic elements of literary, informational, graphic, oral, cultural, and media text forms emerging from First Nations, Métis, and Inuit cultures in Canada, and also looks at the perspectives and influences of texts that relate to those cultures. In order to understand contemporary text forms and their themes of identity, relationship, and self-determination, sovereignty, or self-governance, students will study the use of text forms by Indigenous authors/creators from other periods in expressing ideas related to these themes. Students will also create oral, written, and media texts to explore their own ideas and understanding, focusing on the development of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life.
    The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 12 English college preparation course.
    • Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic or Applied
    • Associated discipline(s): English
  • English: Understanding Contemporary First Nations, Métis and Inuit Voices, Grade 11, Workplace (NBE3E)
    This course explores themes, forms, and stylistic elements of literary, informational, graphic, oral, cultural, and media texts emerging from First Nations, Métis, and Inuit cultures in Canada, as well as some texts that relate to those cultures. In order to better understand contemporary texts, students will explore connections between traditional and contemporary text forms and cultural and community aspects of identity, relationships, and self-determination, sovereignty, or self-governance. Students will also create oral, written, and media texts focusing on the development of literacy, communication, and critical thinking skills necessary for success in the workplace and daily life.
    The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 12 English workplace preparation course.
    • Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic or Applied or the Grade 10 locally developed compulsory credit (LDCC) course in English
    • Associated discipline(s): English
  • Contemporary First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Issues and Perspectives, Grade 11, University/College Preparation (NDA3M)
    This course explores existing and emerging issues of local, regional, and national importance to First Nations, Métis, and Inuit in Canada. Students will analyse diverse perspectives on issues and events related to land, community, governance, identity, culture, and global trends. Using the concepts of political thinking and the tools of political inquiry, students will explore their own and others’ ideas and investigate issues to determine what needs to change and why. Students are also given the opportunity to develop their own problem-solving strategies to address an issue of their choice.
    • Prerequisite: First Nations, Métis, and Inuit in Canada, Grade 10, Open, or Canadian History since World War I, Grade 10, Academic or Applied
    • Associated discipline(s): Politics, Economics, Law
  • World Views and Aspirations of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Communities in Canada, Grade 11, College (NBV3C)
    This course explores the diverse knowledge, world views, and aspirations that shape the actions of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit individuals and communities in Canada. Students will examine the historical and contemporary context of those beliefs, values, aspirations, and actions, including the impact of colonization and decolonization. Students will explore the factors that shape world views to develop an understanding of how acknowledging diverse cultures, values, and ways of knowing contributes to truth, reconciliation, and renewed nation-to-nation relationships. Students are also given the opportunity to develop their own problem-solving strategies to build mutual understanding related to First Nations, Métis, and Inuit world views and aspirations.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 10 First Nations, Métis, and Inuit in Canada, Open, or Grade 10 Canadian History since World War I, Academic or Applied 
    • Associated discipline(s): Equity Studies, Philosophy, World Religions
  • World Views and Aspirations of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Communities in Canada, Grade 11, Workplace (NBV3E)
    This course explores diverse knowledge, world views, and aspirations that shape the actions of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit individuals and communities in Canada. Students will examine issues of identity facing First Nations, Métis, and Inuit individuals and communities with respect to changing relationships with the land, nature, one another, and Canada. Students will explore their own and others’ world views, and the factors that shape world views over time, to develop an understanding of how traditional and contemporary beliefs and values influence the aspirations and practices of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit communities. Students are given the opportunity to develop further understanding about the impacts of colonization and how reconciling diverse knowledge, world views, and aspirations contributes to a call for societal understanding.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 10 First Nations, Métis and Inuit in Canada, Open, or Grade 10 Canadian History since World War I, Academic or Applied or the Grade 10 locally developed compulsory credit (LDCC) course in history 
    • Associated discipline(s): Equity Studies, Philosophy, World Religions
  • Contemporary Indigenous Issues and Perspectives in a Global Context, Grade 12, University/College (NDW4M)
    This course examines global issues from the perspectives of Indigenous peoples. Students will explore the depth and diversity of Indigenous cultures, traditions, and knowledge. Students will consider how diverse Indigenous communities persevere despite current global environmental and economic trends, and will investigate topics such as identity, social justice, human rights and abuses, spirituality, resilience, and advocacy for change. 
    • Prerequisite: Any Grade 11 University, University/College, or College Preparation course in First Nations, Métis, and Inuit studies, Canadian and world studies, or social sciences and humanities 
    • Associated discipline(s): Politics, Economics, Law
  • First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Governance in Canada, Grade 12, University/College (NDG4M)
    This course explores aspects of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit governance in Canada as well as laws, policies, and judicial decisions that have affected and continue to affect the lives of Indigenous peoples in this country. Students will investigate historical and contemporary relations between First Nations, Métis, and Inuit communities and colonial, federal, and provincial/territorial governments and will develop their understanding of Indigenous rights in Canada. Students will examine how traditional values and cultural practices inform models of Indigenous governance and leadership as they explore strategies being used to revitalize and strengthen First Nations, Métis, and Inuit sovereignty, self-governance, and self-determination in Canada.
    • Prerequisite: Any Grade 11 University, University/College, or College Preparation course in First Nations, Métis, and Inuit studies, Canadian and world studies, or social sciences and humanities
    • Associated discipline(s): Politics, Law, History