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Science

  • Educators should be aware that, with the exception of the Grade 9 science course, 2022 (SNC1W), the 2008 Science curriculum for Grade 10 and the 2008 Science curriculum for Grades 11–12 remain in effect. All secondary science courses for Grades 10–12 will continue to be based on those documents. All references to Grade 9 that appear in The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 9 and 10: Science, 2008 and The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 11 and 12: Science, 2008 have been superseded by The Ontario Curriculum, Grade 9: Science, 2022.
  • As of September 2022, this course replaces Science, Grade 9, Academic (SNC1D) and Science, Grade 9, Applied (SNC1P).

Science

Grade Course Name Course Type Course Code Prerequisite
9 Science De-streamed SNC1W None
10 Science Academic SNC2D Grade 9 Science, De-streamed (2022), or
Grade 9 Science, Academic (2008), or Grade 9 Science, Applied (2008)
10 Science Applied SNC2P Grade 9 Science, De-streamed (2022), or Grade 9 Science, Academic (2008), or Grade 9 Science, Applied (2008)
12 Science University/College SNC4M Grade 10 Science, Academic, or any Grade 11 university, university/college, or college preparation course in science
12 Science Workplace SNC4E Grade 10 Science, Applied, or a Grade 10 Locally Developed Compulsory Credit (LDCC) course in science

Biology

Grade Course Name Course Type Course Code Prerequisite
11 Biology University SBI3U Grade 10 Science, Academic
11 Biology College SBI3C Grade 10 Science, Academic or Applied
12 Biology University SBI4U Grade 11 Biology, University

Chemistry

Grade Course Name Course Type Course Code Prerequisite
11 Chemistry University SCH3U Grade 10 Science, Academic
12 Chemistry University SCH4U Grade 11 Chemistry, University
12 Chemistry College SCH4C Grade 10 Science, Academic or Applied

Earth and Space Science

Grade Course Name Course Type Course Code Prerequisite
12 Earth and Space Science University SES4U Grade 10 Science, Academic

Environmental Science

Grade Course Name Course Type Course Code Prerequisite
11 Environmental Science University/College SVN3M Grade 10 Science, Academic or Applied
11 Environmental Science Workplace SVN3E Grade 9 Science, De-streamed (2022), or Grade 9 Science, Academic (2008), or Grade 9 Science, Applied (2008), or a Grade 9 or 10 Locally Developed Compulsory Credit (LDCC) course in science

Physics

Grade Course Name Course Type Course Code Prerequisite
11 Physics University SPH3U Grade 10 Science, Academic
12 Physics University SPH4U Grade 11 Physics, University
12 Physics College SPH4C Grade 10 Science, Academic or Applied

Note: Each of the courses listed above is worth one credit.

This is a graphic representation of all the science courses from Grades 9 to 12. This graphic shows the links between courses and the possible prerequisites for them. It does not attempt to depict all possible movements from course to course.

Science

  • Science, Grade 9, De-streamed Course (SNC1W)
    This course enables students to develop their understanding of concepts related to biology, chemistry, physics, and earth and space science, and to relate science to technology, society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop and refine their STEM skills as they use scientific research, scientific experimentation, and engineering design processes to investigate concepts and apply their knowledge in situations that are relevant to their lives and communities. Students will continue to develop transferable skills as they become scientifically literate global citizens.
    • Prerequisite: None
  • Science, Grade 10, Academic (SNC2D)
    This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society, and the environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a particular focus on acid–base reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 9 Science
  • Science, Grade 10, Applied (SNC2P)
    This course enables students to develop a deeper understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to apply their knowledge of science in real-world situations. Students are given opportunities to develop further practical skills in scientific investigation. Students will plan and conduct investigations into everyday problems and issues related to human cells and body systems; chemical reactions; factors affecting climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 9 Science
  • Science, Grade 12, University/College (SNC4M)
    This course enables students, including those pursuing postsecondary programs outside the sciences, to increase their understanding of science and contemporary social and environmental issues in health-related fields. Students will explore a variety of medical technologies, pathogens and disease, nutritional science, public health issues, and biotechnology. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study and helps refine students’ scientific investigation skills.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 10 Science, Academic, or any Grade 11 university, university/college, or college preparation course in science
  • Science, Grade 12, Workplace (SNC4E)
    This course provides students with fundamental science knowledge and workplace skills needed to prepare them for success beyond secondary school. Students will explore hazards in the workplace, chemicals in consumer products, disease and its prevention, electricity at home and at work, and nutritional science. Emphasis is placed on current topics in science and relevant, practical activities that develop students’ literacy and mathematical literacy skills and enhance their scientific literacy.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 10 Science, Applied, or a Grade 10 locally developed compulsory credit (LDCC) course in science

Biology

  • Biology, Grade 11, University (SBI3U)
    This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biodiversity; evolution; genetic processes; the structure and function of animals; and the anatomy, growth, and function of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study, and helps students refine skills related to scientific investigation.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 10 Science, Academic
  • Biology, Grade 11, College (SBI3C)
    This course focuses on the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will learn concepts and theories as they conduct investigations in the areas of cellular biology, microbiology, genetics, the anatomy of mammals, and the structure of plants and their role in the natural environment. Emphasis will be placed on the practical application of concepts, and on the skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 10 Science, Academic or Applied
  • Biology, Grade 12, University (SBI4U)
    This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on the achievement of detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 11 Biology, University Preparation

Chemistry

  • Chemistry, Grade 11, University (SCH3U)
    This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and quantitative relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric chemistry and the behaviour of gases. Students will further develop their analytical skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter, as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 10 Science, Academic
  • Chemistry, Grade 12, University (SCH4U)
    This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and rates of reaction, equilibrium in chemical systems, and electrochemistry. Students will further develop their problem-solving and investigation skills as they investigate chemical processes, and will refine their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 11 Chemistry, University Preparation
  • Chemistry, Grade 12, College (SCH4C)
    This course enables students to develop an understanding of chemistry through the study of matter and qualitative analysis, organic chemistry, electrochemistry, chemical calculations, and chemistry as it relates to the quality of the environment. Students will use a variety of laboratory techniques, develop skills in data collection and scientific analysis, and communicate scientific information using appropriate terminology. Emphasis will be placed on the role of chemistry in daily life and the effects of technological applications and processes on society and the environment.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 10 Science, Academic or Applied

Earth and Space Science

  • Earth and Space Science, Grade 12, University (SES4U)
    This course develops students’ understanding of Earth and its place in the universe. Students will investigate the properties of and forces in the universe and solar system and analyse techniques scientists use to generate knowledge about them. Students will closely examine the materials of Earth, its internal and surficial processes, and its geological history, and will learn how Earth’s systems interact and how they have changed over time. Throughout the course, students will learn how these forces, processes, and materials affect their daily lives. The course draws on biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics in its consideration of geological and astronomical processes that can be observed directly or inferred from other evidence.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 10 Science, Academic

Environmental Science

  • Environmental Science, Grade 11, University/College (SVN3M)
    This course provides students with the fundamental knowledge of and skills relating to environmental science that will help them succeed in life after secondary school. Students will explore a range of topics, including the role of science in addressing contemporary environmental challenges; the impact of the environment on human health; sustainable agriculture and forestry; the reduction and management of waste; and the conservation of energy. Students will increase their scientific and environmental literacy and examine the interrelationships between science, the environment, and society in a variety of areas.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 10 Science, Academic or Applied
  • Environmental Science, Grade 11, Workplace (SVN3E)
    This course provides students with the fundamental knowledge of and skills relating to environmental science that will help them succeed in work and life after secondary school. Students will explore a range of topics, including the impact of human activities on the environment; human health and the environment; energy conservation; resource science and management; and safety and environmental responsibility in the workplace. Emphasis is placed on relevant, practical applications and current topics in environmental science, with attention to the refinement of students’ literacy and mathematical literacy skills as well as the development of their scientific and environmental literacy.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 9 Science, Academic or Applied, or a Grade 9 or 10 locally developed compulsory credit (LDCC) course in science

Physics

  • Physics, Grade 11, University (SPH3U)
    This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore kinematics, with an emphasis on linear motion; different kinds of forces; energy trans- formations; the properties of mechanical waves and sound; and electricity and magnetism. They will enhance their scientific investigation skills as they test laws of physics. In addition, they will analyse the interrelationships between physics and technology, and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 10 Science, Academic
  • Physics, Grade 12, University (SPH4U)
    This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation skills, learning, for example, how to analyse, qualitatively and quantitatively, data related to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 11 Physics, University Preparation
  • Physics, Grade 12, College (SPH4C)
    This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore these concepts with respect to motion; mechanical, electrical, electromagnetic, energy transformation, hydraulic, and pneumatic systems; and the operation of commonly used tools and machines. They will develop their scientific investigation skills as they test laws of physics and solve both assigned problems and those emerging from their investigations. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.
    • Prerequisite: Grade 10 Science, Academic or Applied