Mathematics (2020)

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This curriculum policy replaces The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 1–8: Mathematics, 2005. Beginning in September 2020, all mathematics programs for Grades 1 to 8 will be based on the expectations outlined in this curriculum policy.

The Strands in the Mathematics Curriculum

The expectations in the mathematics curriculum are organized into six distinct but related strands: A. Social-Emotional Learning (SEL) Skills in Mathematics and the Mathematical Processes; B. Number; C. Algebra; D. Data; E. Spatial Sense; and F. Financial Literacy.

The program in all grades is designed to ensure that students build a solid foundation in mathematics and develop a positive mathematical identity by connecting and applying mathematical concepts in a variety of ways. To support this process, teachers capitalize on students’ prior knowledge, skills, and experiences; integrate concepts from across the strands; and often apply the mathematics that students are learning to types of situations that might occur outside the classroom.

The following chart shows the flow of the learning through the curriculum and the interrelationships among its various components.

A diagram illustrates the intersecting relationship of social-emotional learning skills and mathematical processes. As described in Strand A, social-emotional skills and mathematical processes are taught in the context of the other five strands.

Strand B. Number Strand C. Algebra Strand D. Data Strand E. Spatial Sense Strand F. Financial Literacy

B1. Number Sense

  • whole numbers
  • rational and irrational numbers
  • fractions, decimals, and percents

B2. Operations

  • properties and relationships
  • math facts
  • mental math
  • addition and subtraction
  • multiplication and division

C1. Patterns and Relations

  • patterns

C2. Equations and Inequalities

  • variables and expressions
  • equalities and inequalities

C3. Coding

  • coding skills

C4. Mathematical Modelling

D1. Data Literacy

  • data collection and organization
  • data visualization
  • data analysis

D2. Probability

E1. Geometric and Spatial Reasoning

  • geometric reasoning
  • location and movement

E2. Measurement

  • attributes
  • length
  • mass, capacity and volume
  • area and surface area
  • angles
  • time
  • the metric system

Grades 1 to 8:

F1. Money

  • money concepts

Grades 4 to 8:

F1.  Finances

  • financial management
  • consumer and civic awareness