## Elements of the Grade 9 Mathematics Course

### Overview

The Grade 9 mathematics course builds on the elementary program and is based on the same fundamental principles.

The overall aim of the Grade 9 mathematics course is to ensure that all students can access any secondary mathematics course they need in order to pursue future studies and careers that are of interest to them.

This course is designed to be inclusive of all students in order to facilitate their transition from the elementary grades to the secondary level. It offers opportunities for all students to build a solid foundation in mathematics, broaden their knowledge and skills, and develop their mathematical identity. This approach allows students to make informed decisions in choosing future mathematics courses based on their interests, and in support of future plans for apprenticeship training, university, college, community living, or the workplace.

Similar to the elementary curriculum, the Grade 9 course adopts a strong focus on the processes that best enable students to understand mathematical concepts and learn related skills. Attention to the mathematical processes is considered essential to a balanced mathematics program. The seven mathematical processes identified in the curriculum include *problem solving*, *reasoning and proving*, *reflecting*, *connecting*, *communicating*, *representing*, and *selecting tools and strategies*.

Throughout the course, students actively participate in the learning of mathematics by making connections to their lived experiences and to real-life applications. They continue to develop critical consciousness of how socio-cultural structures within systems impact individual experiences and opportunities, and to shape their identities as mathematics learners.

Teachers implement the curriculum through effective assessment and instructional practices that are rooted in Culturally Responsive and Relevant Pedagogy. Teachers utilize a variety of assessment and instructional approaches that provide students with multiple entry points to access mathematics learning and multiple opportunities to demonstrate their achievement in mathematics.

This course continues the learning from Grade 8 and prepares students for success in all senior secondary mathematics courses in all pathways moving forward. Students who successfully complete the Grade 9 mathematics course may proceed to a mathematics course in Grade 10.

The following section is in effect for the 2021–22 school year and will be updated as the secondary mathematics program is revised. The 2005 Mathematics curriculum for Grade 10 and the 2007 Mathematics curriculum for Grades 11–12 remain in effect. All references to Grade 9 that appear in The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 9 and 10: Mathematics, 2005 and The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 11 and 12: Mathematics, 2007 have been superseded by the section below. |

### Courses in Mathematics, Grades 9 to 12

Grade |
Course Name |
Course Type |
Course Code |
Credit Value |
Prerequisite |

9 | Mathematics | De-streamed | MTH1W | 1.0 | None |

10 | Principles of Mathematics | Academic | MPM2D | 1.0 | Grade 9 Mathematics, De-streamed (2021), or Grade 9 Principles of Mathematics, Academic (2005) |

10 | Foundations of Mathematics | Applied | MFM2P | 1.0 | Grade 9 Mathematics, De-streamed (2021), or Grade 9 Foundations of Mathematics, Applied (2005) |

11 | Functions | University | MCR3U | 1.0 | Grade 10 Principles of Mathematics, Academic |

11 | Functions and Applications | University/ College | MCF3M | 1.0 | Grade 10 Principles of Mathematics, Academic, or Grade 10 Foundations of Mathematics, Applied |

11 | Foundations for College Mathematics | College | MBF3C | 1.0 | Grade 10 Foundations of Mathematics, Applied |

11 | Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life | Workplace | MEL3E | 1.0 | Grade 9 Mathematics, De-streamed (2021), or Grade 9 Principles of Mathematics, Academic (2005), or Grade 9 Foundations of Mathematics, Applied (2005), or a Grade 10 Mathematics LDCC (locally developed compulsory credit) course |

12 | Advanced Functions | University | MHF4U | 1.0 | Grade 11 Functions, University, or Grade 12 Mathematics for College Technology, College |

12 | Calculus and Vectors | University |