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Grade 1

Strand A. Heritage and Identity: Our Changing Roles and Responsibilities

Topic What’s new in 2023?
Reclamation and revitalization of identity and culture among First Nations, Métis, and Inuit individuals and communities

Impact of the residential school system

Students will learn how some First Nations, Métis, and Inuit individuals and communities are reclaiming and revitalizing aspects of their identity and culture.

Students will begin to learn about the impact that colonization, including the residential school system, had and continues to have on First Nations, Métis, and Inuit individuals and communities.

See A1.5

A person’s relationship with and responsibility to the environment Addition of explicit learning about a person’s roles, relationship, and responsibility with regard to the environment.

See A1.1

 

Strand B. People and Environments: The Local Community

Topic What’s new in 2023?
Traditional Indigenous and treaty territory/territories Students will learn about the traditional Indigenous and treaty territory/territories their school is located on.

See B3.1

 

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Grade 2

Strand A. Heritage and Identity: Changing Family and Community Traditions

Topic What’s new in 2023?
Impact of the residential school system

Reclamation and revitalization of traditions, customs, teachings and celebration amongst First Nations, Métis, and Inuit individuals and communities

Students will learn about the impact that colonization, including the residential school system, had and continues to have on First Nations, Métis, and Inuit individuals and communities.

Students will learn about the ways some First Nations, Métis, and Inuit individuals and communities are reclaiming traditions, customs, teachings, and celebrations.

See A1.4, A3.4, and A3.7

 

Strand B. People and Environments: Global Communities

Topic What’s new in 2023?
Interrelationship between contemporary First Nations, Métis, and Inuit communities and the land Students will learn how the natural environment, including physical features and the climate, has an impact on some contemporary First Nations, Métis, and Inuit communities.

See B2, B3.4, and B3.7

 

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Grade 3

Strand A. Heritage and Identity: Communities in Canada, 1780–1850

Topic What’s new in 2023?
Ways of life in a few First Nations, Métis, and Inuit communities between 1780 and 1850 and the impact of colonial policies, including treaties The learning about groups in Canada during that time has been expanded to explicitly include First Nations, Métis, and Inuit communities.

Students will learn about some of the impacts of colonial policies, including the residential school system, on life in these communities.

See A1, A2, and A3

Treaties from that time period and their impact on various peoples and communities Students will learn about a few key treaties, including wampum belts from their region and that time period. They will also learn how those agreements affected various peoples and communities.

See A3.7

 

Strand B. People and Environments: Living and Working in Ontario

Topic What’s new in 2023?
Interrelationship between the land and the people, including land use, employment, and natural environments, in First Nations communities and/or Métis regions in Ontario The learning about municipal regions in Ontario has been expanded to explicitly include First Nations communities1 and Métis regions.2

See B1, B2, and B3

1 In the context of the learning in Strand B, the term First Nations communities is used to refer to the reserves in Ontario, which are lands set aside by the federal government for the use and benefit of a specific band or First Nation. Note that First Nations’ traditional or Treaty territories are larger than reserve lands.

In the context of the learning in Strand B, the term Métis regions is used to refer to the Métis Nation of Ontario (MNO) regions. The MNO is the largest representative government of Métis people in Ontario and organizes itself into nine regions across Ontario that serve MNO citizens, including the delivery of programs and services. Note that Métis traditional territories may be different than Métis regions.

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